Satyendra Nath Bose Indian physicist

Satyendra Nath Bose

On June 4, Google created a special doodle to celebrate Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose and her contribution to Bose-Einstein’s statistics.

Bose sent his theory today in 1924 to Albert Einstein, who immediately recognized it as a great discovery in quantum mechanics.

Satyendra Nath Bose Born on January 1, 1894, Bose studied in Calcutta and was brilliant in his studies.

His academic achievements made him famous. According to a Google blog post, Bose’s father encouraged his interest in math by writing him an arithmetic problem to solve each day before leaving for work.

At the age of 15, Satyendra Nath Bose began pursuing a bachelor’s degree at Calcutta’s Presidency College and, shortly after that, completed a master’s degree in applied mathematics at the University of Calcutta.

At 22, Bose was appointed a lecturer at the University of Calcutta and astrophysicist Meghnad Saha. By the end of 1917, Bose began to give lectures on physics.

In 1921, he joined the then newly established Dacca University as a physics reader. He had previously published a couple of articles in the same magazine as Saha.

While teaching here, he documented his findings in a report called Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta.

Although the diary rejected his research, he decided to send his article to Albert Einstein.

Einstein understood the significance of Bose’s theory and generalized it to broader phenomena, and the idea became known as Bose-Einstein’s statistics.


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The Indian government recognized his contribution to physics by awarding him the Padma Vibhushan, one of the country’s highest civilian awards.

He was also named National Professor, the highest honorary researcher in India.

In honour of Bose’s legacy, any particle that follows Bose’s Einstein statistics is called a boson. His theory is the cornerstone of condensed matter physics.